ACL Reconstruction

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most commonly injured ligaments of the knee, especially in people who participate in sports such as, football, skiing, and soccer. ACL injuries can occur through non-contact mechanisms, such as twisting, or result from direct contact with another player or object.

Approximately 50 percent of ACL injuries occur in combination with damage to the meniscus, articular cartilage, or other ligaments.

Immediately after the injury, patients usually experience pain and swelling and the knee feels unstable. Within a few hours after an ACL injury, patients often have a large amount of knee swelling (bleeding within the joint), a loss of full range of motion, pain or tenderness along the joint line and discomfort while walking.

After a complete ACL tear, some patients are unable to participate in cutting or pivoting-type sports, while others have instability during even normal activities such as walking.

Secondary damage to the joint may occur in patients who have repeated episodes of instability. With chronic instability, patients will often develop meniscus damage and articular cartilage lesions.

ACL Rehabilitation

An MRI scan showing a normal ACL

An MRI scan showing a normal ACL.

An MRI scan showing a normal ACL.
An operative photograph showing harvesting the hamstring tendons.